A.Fill in the blanks with one of the prepositions or phrases from the previous lesson.

1.Franklin became a prominent citizen of Philadelphia …… his humble origins.
2.…… his interest in science, he liked to repeat experiments that other scientists had done.
3.…… other outstanding Americans, Franklin wrote the Declaration of Independence.
4.“Poor Richard’s Almanac” is a book …… many wise sayings.
5.It was largely …… Franklin’s efforts that France became a friend of the new United States.


回答:
1.Franklin became a prominent citizen of Philadelphia in spite of / despite his humble origins.
2.Because of / On account of his interest in science, he liked to repeat experiments that other scientists had done. ⇒「due to」は文頭では使えないという人たちもいます(Owing to とする)。
3.With / Together with / Along with other outstanding Americans, Franklin wrote the Declaration of Independence.
4.“Poor Richard’s Almanac” is a book with many wise sayings. ⇒Benjamin Franklin作の年鑑です。
5.It was largely due to / because of / on account of Franklin’s efforts that France became a friend of the new United States.⇒「私の友だち」は「a friend of mine」ですが「アメリカ合州国の友だち」は「a friend of the United States」(the United Statesは「人」ではありません。1語で「それのもの」 に相当する語はありません)。


B.Fill in the blanks with one of the prepositions or phrases in the previous lesson. In some cases, more than one is correct.

1.Please tell us something more …… yourself.
2.…… the newspaper, the Prime Minister has gone to Europe.
3.This is the tallest building …… the city.
4.…… rain, the meeting was held indoors rather than outdoors.
5.……. the fact that we were there only a few days, we saw a great deal of the city.
6.He is a famous actor. Perhaps he is most famous …… Hamlet.
7.This town is very much …… my hometown.
8.The hem …… her skirt is not straight.
9.She went to the market …… fresh vegetables.
10.He went to lunch …… one or two other people from his office.
11.My sister is the girl …… the blue sweater and the brown skirt.
12.You ought to come ….. us to the mountains.
13.He is a great help to me. In fact, I don’t know what I’d do …… him.
14.He decided to buy a used car …… a new one.


回答
1.Please tell us something more about/concerning yourself.
2.According to the newspaper, the Prime Minister has gone to Europe.
3.This is the tallest building in the city.
4.Because of / On account of rain, the meeting was held indoors rather than outdoors.
5.In spite of / Despite the fact that we were there only a few days, we saw a great deal of the city.
6.He is a famous actor. Perhaps he is most famous as Hamlet.
7.This town is very much like my hometown.
8.The hem of her skirt is not straight.
9.She went to the market for fresh vegetables.
10.He went to lunch with / together with / along with one or two other people from his office.
11.My sister is the girl with the blue sweater and the brown skirt.
12.You ought to come with / along with us to the mountains. ⇒ together with も文法的には正しいですが「あなたは我々と共に山に登りに来るべきだ」となり少々不自然です。「You ought to come together to the mountains.」の方が自然です。
13.He is a great help to me. In fact, I don’t know what I’d do without him.
14.He decided to buy a used car instead of a new one.


C.Pick out the preposition in parentheses that could not be used in the sentences below.
1.Mary was determined to finish school (in spite of, despite, besides) her father’s opposition.
2.I know little (about, as, concerning) his life except that his family was quite poor.
3.(Like, According to, For the purpose of) his brother, he was quite successful.
4.Please go on the trip (besides, with, without) me.
5.The dog (with, of) the long, floppy ears must be a spaniel.
6.(On account of, Because of, Instead of) the cold weather, fuel consumption has been very high this winter.
7.She seems to act (with, according to) her feelings of the moment.
8.I’ll take those shoes (without, with, concerning) the bows on hem.
9.(For, According to, Because of) that magazine article, the government official is thinking of resigning.
10.He needed money very much (for, of, for the purpose of) further study.
11.She went (along with, in order to, with) her friends to visit the museum.
12.The rivers were flooded (because of, due to, according to) heavy rains.


回答
1.Mary was determined to finish school (in spite of, despite, besides) her father’s opposition.
2.I know little (about, as, concerning) his life except that his family was quite poor.
3.(Like, According to, For the purpose of) his brother, he was quite successful.
4.Please go on the trip (besides, with, without) me.
5.The dog (with, of) the long, floppy ears must be a spaniel.
6.(On account of, Because of, Instead of) the cold weather, fuel consumption has been very high this winter.
7.She seems to act (with, according to) her feelings of the moment.
8.I’ll take those shoes (without, with, concerning) the bows on hem.
9.(For, According to, Because of) that magazine article, the government official is thinking of resigning.
10.He needed money very much (for, of, for the purpose of) further study.
11.She went (along with, in order to, with) her friends to visit the museum.
12.The rivers were flooded (because of, due to, according to) heavy rains.